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Henri Selmer Paris company is an international family-owned enterprise, manufacturer of musical instruments based at Mantes-la-Ville near Paris, France. Founded in 1885, it is known as a producer of professional-grade woodwind and brass instruments, especially saxophones, clarinets and trumpets.

Selmer Paris instruments have been played by many well-known saxophonists such as Marcel Mule, Claude Delangle, Frederick Hemke, Charlie Parker,[1] John Coltrane, Paul Desmond, Herschel Evans, Zoot Sims,[2] Michael Brecker, Sonny Rollins, Ornette Coleman and Coleman Hawkins. Among famous Selmer Clarinet players is Benny Goodman in his early career.

History Selmer UK

A semi-independent branch of Selmer for the United Kingdom was created in 1928 under the leadership of two brothers, Ben and Lew Davis. They concentrated primarily on licensing, importing and distribution rather than manufacturing, and by 1939 had grown to become the largest company in the British musical instrument industry.

In 1935 Selmer UK began producing sound reinforcement systems under the Selmer name. They expanded their manufacturing facilities by purchasing another P.A. company called RSA in 1946. By 1951 they were manufacturing electric organs and in 1955 they gained the exclusive licensing rights to make Lowrey organs and Leslie organ speakers for the UK. They were also the primary importers and distributors for Höfner guitars, a well-known German guitar company, from the early 1950s through the early 1970s. In 1967, Höfner actually produced a small range of semi-acoustic and acoustic guitars for Selmer UK These were badged with the Selmer logo and most had a Selmer "lyre" tailpiece. Model names were the Astra, Emperor, Diplomat, Triumph and Arizona Jumbo.

With the growth of skiffle music and the arrival of rock and roll in the mid-1950s, Selmer UK began producing guitar and bass amplifiers. In the early 1960s, despite Selmer's apparent market domination, The Shadows' and The Beatles' endorsement of Vox amplifiers relegated Selmer guitar amplifiers to a distant second place in sales. The management of the company made various lukewarm attempts to gain endorsement from aspiring musicians but became increasingly distant from the developments in pop culture from the mid-1960s considering that its role was to support "real" or established professional musicians and not the headliners of the pop industry. This was the beginning of the end for Selmer UK.

By the early 1970s Selmer UK had been purchased by Chicago Musical Instruments, then the parent company of Gibson Guitars, which Selmer was distributing in the UK. By this time Marshall guitar amplifiers had cornered the market, and the Selmer manufacturing facility was an expensive drain on resources. During this period, the Selmer range of Treble & Bass 50 & 100 valve amplifiers appeared to be stylistic relics from pre-1959 and the decision was made to move the manufacturing facility to a disused brush and coconut matting works dating from 1914, based in rural Essex. The factory which purchased from Music and Plastic Industries. This was a disaster, coupled as it was to an uninspiring reworking of the Selmer range of speaker cabinets and the introduction of a poorly designed range of solid state power amplifiers.

After being passed around several other owners, Selmer once again found itself owned by the Gibson Guitar parent company, this time through a holding company called Norlin Music USA. The marketing policy adopted by management involved allowing its distributors to arrange short-term loans of Gibson instruments on a trial basis. This was considered an excellent marketing ploy had it been controlled but the reality of the situation was that instrument loans were made freely available to any musician and bands who made a request. The consequences were that these very expensive musical instruments were used, damaged, and returned unsold to the UK warehouse, where attempts were made to repair them with the limited facilities on hand, as the distribution agreement with the manufacturing base in Kalamazoo, Michigan, did not allow for the return of defective items. At one time in 1977 there were over one thousand damaged, broken and disassembled Gibson guitars stored in an unheated warehouse in Braintree, Essex.

The factory in Braintree also developed the manufacturing of Lowrey keyboards from KD kits exported from the Chicago manufacturing base of CMI. These instruments were technically advanced but the build quality was poor compared with keyboards which were just beginning to reach the UK and European markets from Japan. To supplement earnings the company took the decision to import a low cost Italian designed organ marketed as a Selmer product which was distributed in large numbers by catalogue sales. Again the return rate, this time due to damage in transit, was significant. In spite of a rebranding as Norlin Music (UK) the management of the company failed to address the key factors preferring to effect a range of cost-cutting measures. In 1976 Norlin Music Inc., faced with mounting debts, began dismantling Selmer UK piece by piece, until the only facility was a repair center for Lowrey organs with a single employee. This shut down in the early 1980s.

Despite being largely unknown in the U.S., Selmer guitar amplifiers from the early 1960s have begun to gain a reputation as vintage collectibles among valve amplifier enthusiasts.

Selmer guitars

In 1932 Selmer partnered with the Italian guitarist and luthier Mario Maccaferri to produce a line of acoustic guitars based on Maccaferri's unorthodox design. Although Maccaferri's association with Selmer ended in 1934, the company continued to make several models of this guitar until 1952. The guitar was closely associated with famed jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt. (see also Selmer-Maccaferri Guitar and About Selmer-Maccaferri guitars)

Historical list of Selmer instruments

Saxophones—Paris

  • Modele 22 (1922–1925)
  • Modele 26 (1926–1929)
  • Modele 28 (1928–1929)
  • Selmer Adolphe Sax (1929–1935)
  • New Largebore (1929)
  • Super "Cigar Cutter" (1930–1932)
  • Super (1932–1933)
  • Radio Improved (Super) (1934–1938)
  • Jimmy Dorsey Model (Super) (1935–1938)
  • Balanced Action (1936–1947)
  • Super Action (1948–1953)
  • Mark VI (1954–1975 for alto and tenor, 1954–1980 for all other types of sax)
  • Mark VII (1974–1980)
  • Selmer Super Action 80 (1980–1985)
  • Super Action 80 Series II (1985-)
  • Series III (1994-)
  • Reference 54 / Reference 36 (2000-)[3][4]
  • Edition Limitée (2014–2015)

Clarinets—Paris

  • no model name, often called "Breveté" (1900s, 1910s and 1920s)
  • no model name, often called "Déposé" (1930s, 1940s and 1950s) These are often differentiated by the letter at the beginning of the serial number and referred to as "K-series", "L-series", "M-series" or "N-series". A "Déposé" from the N-series will have characteristics very different from those of one from the K-series. The Breveté mark and the Déposé mark were never meant to describe or label the clarinet; they are just French terms meaning, roughly, "certified" and "registered", respectively.
  • Radio Improved or RI (ca. 1931–1934) the K series of serial numbers after K7000
  • Balanced Tone or BT (ca. 1935–1953) the L, M and N series (both with and without the *BT* emblem on the top and bottom joint)
  • Master Model (metal clarinet) (1927 – c. 1939)
  • 55 (ca. 1939) One year only *(M serial numbers, 1st appears in 1940 Selmer brochure, 15.00 mm bore, large toneholes, Tone Control Chamber register vent, Transition to Centered Tone)
  • Centered Tone (c. 1954 – 1960) large-bore clarinets. Serial# N, O, P, Q cylindrical bore 15.00 mm/15.10 mm. Serial# R & S slightly reduced bore 14.90 mm reverse-taper design
  • Series 9 (1960s, 1970s and 1980s) large-bore clarinets (14.90 mm bore with Reverse Taper bore design)
  • Series 9* (1960s) with undercut tone holes and reducing bore diameter. *(Undercut tone holes only in upper joint. Bore measurement 14.65 mm)
  • Series 10 (1970s—cylindrical bore) *(undercut tone holes throughout both joints, small reverse-taper bore measurement 14.52 mm)
  • Series 10G (1970s and 1980s {and 1990s?}) Designed by Anthony Gigliotti. In the December 1999 issue of The Clarinet, Gigliotti wrote: "The first time I went to the Buffet Crampon factory in France was in 1953 and I remember trying 55 Bb clarinets. After selecting the two best ones I then spent countless hours with Hans Moennig tuning and voicing them until I could finally try them in the orchestra. My reason for becoming involved with the Selmer Company was to make it possible for a student or professional to buy an instrument that didn't need all that work and it has resulted in the series 10G which was based on my Moennigized Buffet which I played for 27 years." (Not an exact copy of Buffet acoustically: smaller bore size, more undercutting to tone holes, tone hole placement different, with Moennig's reverse-taper barrel standard with 10G. 1st generation 10G 14.52 mm bore, 2nd generation 10G 14.60 mm bore. Selmer Paris only clarinet with "poly-cylindrical bore) Series 10G poly-cylindrical bore versus regular Series 10 & Series 10S/10SII reverse-taper bore
  • Series 10S (1970s and 1980s (and 1990s?))
  • Series 10S II (1970s and 1980s (and 1990s?)) Smaller bore than 10S.
  • Recital (1980s–20**) *(very small revere taper bore 14.35 mm, extra thick bore walls produces dark sound)
  • Odyssée
  • Arthea
  • Prologue I and II
  • St. Louis
  • Signature
  • Artys
  • Privilège

Selmer Paris sold less-expensive clarinets under the names Barbier, Bundy (Paris) and Raymond until ca. 1935, after which they focused exclusively on professional clarinets.

Note: Selmer Paris harmony clarinets (sizes other than B♭ and A soprano clarinet) are mostly called by their model number rather than a name, but there are, for example, RI bass clarinets and Series 9 alto and bass clarinets.

Guitars

  • (need list)
  • Maltiao
  • Guitar with a special seven strings. Selmer decided to make a guitar for chamber music. $950.00 to any price.
  • X8J
  • Series 666: Selmer's best guitar in production
  • Signet series ended in 1970 (rare) especially 12 strings.

They are usually custom made guitars for professionals. Their cost are depending on wood and upgrades like tuners, frets, size, etc.

Brass instruments

Trumpets

  • Armstrong/Balanced (1933)
  • K-Modified (1954
  • Deville (1962)
  • Radial 2˚ (1968)
  • Series 700 (1977)
  • Chorus
  • Concept
  • Sigma

Trombones

  • Special
  • K-Modified
  • Bolero (1962)
  • Largo (1962)

Other instruments

  • Piano accordion
  • Invicta
  • Invicta lugano
  • English Horn (Cor Anglais)- Selmer Paris
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