Mod Circle

Mod Circle

Mod is a subculture that began in the United Kingdom in the 1960s and spread, in varying degrees, to other countries[1] and continues today on a smaller scale. Focused on music and fashion, the subculture has its roots in a small group of stylish London-based young men in the late 1950s who were termed modernists because they listened to modern jazz,[2] although the subculture expanded to include women.

Significant elements of the mod subculture include fashion (often tailor-made suits); music (including soul, ska, and R&B); and motor scooters (usually Lambretta or Vespa). The original mod scene was associated with amphetamine-fuelled all-night dancing at clubs.[3]

In England during the early to mid 1960s, mods often engaged in brawls with rockers, which led to many news articles.[4] The mods and rockers conflict led sociologist Stanley Cohen to use the term "moral panic" in his study about the two youth subcultures,[5] which examined media coverage of the mod and rocker riots in the 1960s.[6] In the mid-to-late 1960s, the conflicts between mods and rockers subsided, as several rock bands, including The Who and the Small Faces adopted a mod style.[7] London became synonymous with fashion, music, and pop culture in these years, a period often referred to as "Swinging London."

There was a mod revival in the United Kingdom in the late 1970s, which was followed by a mod revival in North America in the early 1980s, particularly in southern California, Vancouver, and Toronto.
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Tags: mod, music, 1960's, scooter, vespa, lambretta